Quote
"I think one man is just as good as another so long as he’s honest and decent and not a nigger or a Chinaman. Uncle Wills says that the Lord made a white man from dust, a nigger from mud, and then threw what was left and it came down a Chinaman. He does hate Chinese and Japs. So do I. It is race prejudice I guess. But I am strongly of the opinion that negroes ought to be in Arica, yellow men in Asia, and white men in Europe and America."

— Letter from Harry S. Truman to Bess Wallace, June 22, 1911.

(Source: trumanlibrary.org, via historicaltimes)

Link
Quote
"Inoculation offered the risky alternative to a life of fear. Utilized for hundreds of years in parts of Asia and Africa, to procedure was nevertheless unknown among Europeans until the early eighteenth century. Shortly after 1700, word of the practice reached Europe from a number of sources. One was the Puritan minister Cotton Mather. In a famous letter from Boston in 1716, Mather described to his London colleagues an interview he had conducted with his “Coromantee” slave, Onesimus. The cleric had asked the African whether he had ever had smallpox. “Yes, and, No,” came the response, and Onesimus proceeded to tell Mather “that he had undergone an Operation, which had given him something of ye Small-Pox, & would forever praeserve him from it.”"

Elizabeth A. Fenn, Pox Americana: The Great Smallpox Epidemic of 1775-82

Inoculation against smallpox was brought to America by enslaved Africans. This was a major contribution to the development of this country which is massively overlooked. Yes, there were other sources for this knowledge, but Mather was the earliest and most active proponent of the practice in the colonies, and his main source of this information appears to have been Onesimus.

(Source: madtomedgar)

Tags: history
Photoset

brandonousley:

The Pruitt-Igoe dilemma. From conception to demolition. 1954-1972. St. Louis Missouri. 

What you have or are currently witnessing is a disturbing look at how the American government has demonized, abused, and unsupported urban public housing. Simply put, many have given public housing a bad reputation over the years, for a plethora of reasons. However, the epic story of one public housing development still confounds and astounds many today. The 33 11-story buildings of Pruitt-Igoe was billed as the solution to the overcrowding and deterioration that plagued inner city St. Louis. Completed in 1954, Pruitt-Igoe came to symbolize the failure of government-sponsored housing and, more broadly, government-sponsorship at large. What happened in Pruitt-Igoe has fueled a mythology repeated in discussions of many urban high-rise projects. Violence, crime, and drugs, so the story goes, plagued the housing project from nearly the beginning as it became a “dumping ground” for the poorest city residents. According to one standard account, it was quickly torn apart by its residents who could not adapt to high-rise city life. Widely circulated images of “Pruitt-Igoe” reveal this legacy. Vandalized hallways. Acres of broken windows. A building imploded. These images of destruction are periodically interrupted by images of a different kind: hopeful images of a massive, newly-built housing complex in the mid-fifties, the scale and grandeur of the buildings reflecting the optimistic spirit out of which Pruitt-Igoe came. The quick, unexamined transition from hope to disillusionment is the standard structure of the Pruitt-Igoe narrative. But there is another Pruitt-Igoe story, another approach. It is a story of a city and its residents. A city in many ways at the forefront of postwar urban decline. In the years of Pruitt-Igoe, St. Louis lost half of its population and most of its prestige in less than a generation. 

This deserves reblogs for a lifetime. Utterly tragic. 

Video

heytoyourmamanem:

Fannie Lou Hamer’s testimony before the Credentials Committee, Democratic National Convention, Atlantic City, New Jersey - August 22, 1964

via American Experience

President Johnson holding a press conference in order to keep Fannie Lou Hamer’s testimony from playing live on television is definitely top 10 bitch moves of all time.

You tried it though. Lol.

Watch the full PBS Freedom Summer documentary. 

(Source: youtube.com)

Tags: history lol films
Link
Link
Tags: history
Audio

nok-ind:

orishaproject:

Christianity would call Yoruba religion “the devil’s work.” Some in Ifa have exactly zero tolerance for the Christian way.

And then, perhaps by Eshu’s grace, there is at their crossroads Mark Lomax. As Reverend Dr. Lomax, he is a Presbyterian minister and head of the First Afrikan Church in Lithonia, Georgia. As Ogunwale, he is an initiate of Ifa - his conviction there too as hearty as the forged metal beloved by Lomax’s guiding Orisha Ogun, the deity of iron.

For Dr. Lomax - a black American raised in the Church of God in Christ - there are so many parallels between the two belief systems.

What he also understands, and explains here, is that for black people in this country, Yoruba takes one extra, vital, step - a sankofan traversal of the Atlantic (and the ancestral bones powdering its floors)  that makes the religion especially special. 

“For many African Americans,” Lomax explains, “this is an opportunity to get home, to travel, at the level of the spirit.”

I’m talking to someone at the moment who doesn’t comprehend this, I guess the oracle was right.

(via afrodiaspores)

Photo
brnstrmco:

Mamie “Peanut” Johnson, Indianapolis Clowns

So, I see gifs of “A League of Their Own” are going around. I guess cause it’s on Netflix now. The film is about the emergence of the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League.
I used to love that film as a child. I still enjoy it.  It’s a story about overcoming obstacles. In the midst of all this triumph though, there’s one scene in particular that I would like to draw your attention to. 
In the middle of the film (around 1:03), there’s a very VERY short scene where a Black woman on the sidelines picks up a stray ball and throws it hard and straight to Dottie.  
That Black woman is intended to represent Mamie “Peanut” Johnson, who attended a league tryout in Alexandria, Virginia in the early 1950s. 

"I showed up with a friend of mine, Rita Jones. They looked at me like I was crazy. They never even let me try out.”

While there were no official rules barring Black women from playing in the AAGPBL, the All-American girls were all-white (yes, years after the MLB had already been integrated by Jackie Robinson). 
The film does an excellent job of dealing with some issues. Remember when a man in the crowd is mocking the women players and saying they can’t play and one of the women throws a ball and hits him right in the face. Lol. Or how about the scene where Dottie and Kit refused to go with the scout after he wouldn’t let a girl join the tryouts just because she was ugly. It’s a long, powerful scene.. you can’t miss it. But blink too long, and you’ll miss the fact that Black women weren’t allowed to play. They didn’t really deal with it. Was racism on the players’ minds as much as sexism?.. Did they think about the fact that they weren’t necessarily competing against the best or playing with the best all because of skin color? Did anyone fight to have them included? Hell, did anyone even mention it at all? Racism is never explored beyond that one throw.
Johnson (who is still alive btw), along with Toni Stone and Connie Morgan, would go on to play in the Negro Leagues with men.
Wouldn’t it be nice to see a film dedicated to those 3 womens’ experiences?

brnstrmco:

Mamie “Peanut” Johnson, Indianapolis Clowns

So, I see gifs of “A League of Their Own” are going around. I guess cause it’s on Netflix now. The film is about the emergence of the All-American Girls Professional Baseball League.

I used to love that film as a child. I still enjoy it.  It’s a story about overcoming obstacles. In the midst of all this triumph though, there’s one scene in particular that I would like to draw your attention to. 

In the middle of the film (around 1:03), there’s a very VERY short scene where a Black woman on the sidelines picks up a stray ball and throws it hard and straight to Dottie.  

That Black woman is intended to represent Mamie “Peanut” Johnson, who attended a league tryout in Alexandria, Virginia in the early 1950s. 

"I showed up with a friend of mine, Rita Jones. They looked at me like I was crazy. They never even let me try out.

While there were no official rules barring Black women from playing in the AAGPBL, the All-American girls were all-white (yes, years after the MLB had already been integrated by Jackie Robinson)

The film does an excellent job of dealing with some issues. Remember when a man in the crowd is mocking the women players and saying they can’t play and one of the women throws a ball and hits him right in the face. Lol. Or how about the scene where Dottie and Kit refused to go with the scout after he wouldn’t let a girl join the tryouts just because she was ugly. It’s a long, powerful scene.. you can’t miss it. But blink too long, and you’ll miss the fact that Black women weren’t allowed to play. They didn’t really deal with it. Was racism on the players’ minds as much as sexism?.. Did they think about the fact that they weren’t necessarily competing against the best or playing with the best all because of skin color? Did anyone fight to have them included? Hell, did anyone even mention it at all? Racism is never explored beyond that one throw.

Johnson (who is still alive btw), along with Toni Stone and Connie Morgan, would go on to play in the Negro Leagues with men.

Wouldn’t it be nice to see a film dedicated to those 3 womens’ experiences?

Photoset

"The Greatest Two Minutes in Sports"

The 140th Kentucky Derby takes place today. 

Some fans of the Kentucky Derby know that African American jockeys were quite successful in the early days of the race. But very few know that the trainer of the first winner Aristides in 1875 was former slave Ansel Williamson.

Aristides was ridden by jockey Oliver Lewis, also an African-American. In fact, African-Americans dominated horse racing, America’s longest, continuous sporting event. 

Once upon a time the Kentucky Derby was a Black thang. African-Americans once dominated the horse racing game so thoroughly between the Civil War and the turn of the 20th century that when the first Kentucky Derby was run in 1875 thirteen of the fifteen jockeys at the starting line were African-American. The dominance of the sport also extended to and included African-American horse owners, trainers, exercise riders and stable hands.

The next two Derby winning trainers — James Williams and Ed Brown — were also black. Black athletes dominated horse racing for the next three decades, winning 15 of the first 28 Derbies.

Sooooooooo, what happened? Whites resented the jockeys, who were bringing in big salaries, and also couldn’t deal with the fact that Blacks were dominating what was, in the nineteenth century, America’s national pastime. 

Klan intimidation, collusion to deny Black jockeys and trainers work and access to US tracks were factors as well. In addition the mass migration of African-Americans from the farms of the South to northern cities combined to ethnically cleanse horse racing of its African-American presence by the turn of the early 20th century. 

Black jockeys also faced intimidation from white jockeys. The racing establishment never banned African-American jockeys but they turned a decided blind-eye to racism. What are the results? An African-American hasn’t won the Kentucky Derby in over a century. 

Today, jockeys and trainers from Latin America dominate the sport. 

The top 10 jockeys, based on earnings by the horses they rode (mounts) in the United States in 2010, include the following Latinos: Ramón A. Domínguez (1,474 starts, $16,911,880); John R. Velázquez (1,192 starts, $16,743,328 horses’ earnings); Joel Rosario (1,335 starts, $15,897,538); Rafael Bejarano (1,292 starts, $14,225,120); Javier Castellano (1,243 starts, $13,037,706); Martín García (933 starts, $10,151,584); José Lezcano (1,054 starts, $9,277,682).

Of course, owners take 60% of the earnings from winnings. And most owners are still rich white men. 

The owners of the horses are more often otherwise anonymous extraordinarily rich Southerners than they are urbane self-made millionaires. They have money because their fathers had money and he had money because his father had money and so on until you think there might be a father who owned somebody else’s father. They are the unknown rich, without whom, there is no horse racing. Yet, they are almost never the featured player in the media’s coverage of the event.

(The Montreal Review, Fox News Latino, Trans Griot, ESPN)

Creative Commons License
Knowledge Equals Black Power by knowledgeequalsblackpower.tumblr.com is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 3.0 Unported License.