"Just think, the race of black men today, our slave an object of our storm, is the very race in which we owe our arts, science and even the use of speech."

Count Constantine de Volney  (via cjaquay)


Tags: history

The Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade Database has 
information on more than 35,000 slave voyages

that forcibly embarked over 12 million Africans for transport to the Americas between the sixteenth and nineteenth centuries. It offers researchers, students and the general public a chance to rediscover the reality of one of the largest forced movements of peoples in world history.

Tags: history

Clyde Kennard put his life on the line in the 1950s when he attempted to desegregate higher education in Mississippi. Kennard, a little-known civil rights pioneer, tried to become the first African American to attend Mississippi Southern College, now the University of Southern Mississippi, in Hattiesburg. In doing so, he ran afoul of the white political establishment and paid a heavy price. After his tragic death, his story was overshadowed by other developments in the civil rights movement. Decades later, however, his case was taken up by civil rights activists, eventually resulting in Kennard receiving due recognition for his sacrifice.

wow. this was crazy.

(Source: thatblckgrl)

Tags: history

LATINO AMERICANS is the first major documentary series for television to chronicle the rich and varied history and experiences of Latinos, who have helped shape North America over the last 500-plus years and have become, with more than 50 million people, the largest minority group in the U.S.

Really enjoying this series because I know just about nothing on the subject matter.

Funny how during the 1920s, the U.S. was encouraging Mexicans to migrate to the U.S…. then when the Depression hit, they started deporting them.

People have been anti-Italians.. anti-Irish.. anti-whatever immigrant group but it is only Mexican-Americans (and now other Latin American immigrants) that face mass deportation when America is feeling nativist.


(Source: indigenous-services-slnsw, via black-australia)

Tags: history
"I think one man is just as good as another so long as he’s honest and decent and not a nigger or a Chinaman. Uncle Wills says that the Lord made a white man from dust, a nigger from mud, and then threw what was left and it came down a Chinaman. He does hate Chinese and Japs. So do I. It is race prejudice I guess. But I am strongly of the opinion that negroes ought to be in Arica, yellow men in Asia, and white men in Europe and America."

— Letter from Harry S. Truman to Bess Wallace, June 22, 1911.

(Source: trumanlibrary.org, via historicaltimes)

"Inoculation offered the risky alternative to a life of fear. Utilized for hundreds of years in parts of Asia and Africa, to procedure was nevertheless unknown among Europeans until the early eighteenth century. Shortly after 1700, word of the practice reached Europe from a number of sources. One was the Puritan minister Cotton Mather. In a famous letter from Boston in 1716, Mather described to his London colleagues an interview he had conducted with his “Coromantee” slave, Onesimus. The cleric had asked the African whether he had ever had smallpox. “Yes, and, No,” came the response, and Onesimus proceeded to tell Mather “that he had undergone an Operation, which had given him something of ye Small-Pox, & would forever praeserve him from it.”"

Elizabeth A. Fenn, Pox Americana: The Great Smallpox Epidemic of 1775-82

Inoculation against smallpox was brought to America by enslaved Africans. This was a major contribution to the development of this country which is massively overlooked. Yes, there were other sources for this knowledge, but Mather was the earliest and most active proponent of the practice in the colonies, and his main source of this information appears to have been Onesimus.

(Source: madtomedgar)

Tags: history


The Pruitt-Igoe dilemma. From conception to demolition. 1954-1972. St. Louis Missouri. 

What you have or are currently witnessing is a disturbing look at how the American government has demonized, abused, and unsupported urban public housing. Simply put, many have given public housing a bad reputation over the years, for a plethora of reasons. However, the epic story of one public housing development still confounds and astounds many today. The 33 11-story buildings of Pruitt-Igoe was billed as the solution to the overcrowding and deterioration that plagued inner city St. Louis. Completed in 1954, Pruitt-Igoe came to symbolize the failure of government-sponsored housing and, more broadly, government-sponsorship at large. What happened in Pruitt-Igoe has fueled a mythology repeated in discussions of many urban high-rise projects. Violence, crime, and drugs, so the story goes, plagued the housing project from nearly the beginning as it became a “dumping ground” for the poorest city residents. According to one standard account, it was quickly torn apart by its residents who could not adapt to high-rise city life. Widely circulated images of “Pruitt-Igoe” reveal this legacy. Vandalized hallways. Acres of broken windows. A building imploded. These images of destruction are periodically interrupted by images of a different kind: hopeful images of a massive, newly-built housing complex in the mid-fifties, the scale and grandeur of the buildings reflecting the optimistic spirit out of which Pruitt-Igoe came. The quick, unexamined transition from hope to disillusionment is the standard structure of the Pruitt-Igoe narrative. But there is another Pruitt-Igoe story, another approach. It is a story of a city and its residents. A city in many ways at the forefront of postwar urban decline. In the years of Pruitt-Igoe, St. Louis lost half of its population and most of its prestige in less than a generation. 

This deserves reblogs for a lifetime. Utterly tragic. 



Fannie Lou Hamer’s testimony before the Credentials Committee, Democratic National Convention, Atlantic City, New Jersey - August 22, 1964

via American Experience

President Johnson holding a press conference in order to keep Fannie Lou Hamer’s testimony from playing live on television is definitely top 10 bitch moves of all time.

You tried it though. Lol.

Watch the full PBS Freedom Summer documentary. 

(Source: youtube.com)

Tags: history lol films
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