Ancient rock paintings in Somalia which date back to 5000 years were found in the northern part of the country (Somaliland), depicting early Somali life. The most famous of these is the Laas Gaal complex, which contains some of the earliest known rock art on the African continent and features many elaborate pastoralist sketches of animal and human figures. In other places such as the northern Dhambalin region, a depiction of a man on a horse is postulated as being one of the earliest known examples of a mounted huntsman.
Inscriptions have been found beneath many of the rock paintings, but archaeologists have so far been unable to decipher this form of ancient writing. During the Stone age, the Doian culture and the Hargeisan culture flourished here with their respective industries and factories.
The oldest evidence of burial customs in the Horn of Africa comes from cemeteries in Somalia dating back to 4th millennium BC. The stone implements from the Jalelo site in northern Somalia are said to be the most important link in evidence of the universality in palaeolithic times between the East and the West.
In antiquity, the ancestors of the Somali people were an important link in the Horn of Africa connecting the region’s commerce with the rest of the ancient world. Somali sailors and merchants were the main suppliers of frankincense, myrrh and spices, items which were considered valuable luxuries by the Ancient Egyptians, Phoenicians, Mycenaeans and Babylonians.
"Homosexuality is brainwashing from the White man to destroy the Black community."
Examples of the Truth:
- Dagara of Burkina Faso
In Africa, homosexuality is also deeply surrounded by supernatural beliefs. Among the Dagara of Burkina Faso, gays, lesbians, and transgendered people are considered key to society’s psychic balance. In the indigenous background, a homosexual Dagara occupied a performance role of intermediary between this world and the otherworld, as a sort of gatekeeper. The Dagara believe that such a person:experiences a state of vibrational consciousness which is far higher and far different from the one the normal person would experience. So when you arrive here, you begin to vibrate in a way that Elders can detect as meaning that you are connected with a gateway somewhere. You decide that you will be the gatekeeper before you are born.
(via African Sexualities: A Reader, full/free .PDF on Readabookson)
- Azande of Central Africa
E.E. Evans Pritchard, one of the most widely respected
authorities on indigenous African cultures…[also a homophobic, imperial racist] finally reported what he had learned about male homosexuality among the once-fierce Azande of the northern Congo. In 1957, in a relatively obscure journal, and then in more accessible venues in 1970 and 1971, he related how Azande warriors routinely married boys who functioned as temporary wives. The practice was institutionalized to the extent that the warriors paid “brideprice” to the parents of the boys.
Evans-Pritchard also wrote about female homosexual relationships among the Azande
All Azande I have known well enough to discuss this matter have asserted that female homosexuality was practiced in polygamous homes in the past and still [ca. 1930) is sometimes …. One of the many wives of a prince or of an important commoner in the past might not have shared her husband’s bed for a month or two, whereas some of the dozens, even hundreds, of wives of a king must have been almost totally deprived of the sex life normal in smaller homes. Adulterous intercourse was very difficult for a wife in such large polygamous families, for the wives were kept in seclusion and carefully watched… Wives would cut a sweet potato or manioc root in the shape of the male organ, or use a banana for the purpose. Two of them would shut themselves in a hut and one would lie on the bed and play the female role while the other, with the artificial organ tied around her stomach, played the male role. They then reversed roles.
(via Boy Wives and Female Husbands: Studies in African Homosexualities, full/free .PDF)
In 1886, the last indigenous ruler of Buganda, the kabaka (king) Mwanga, executes over thirty pages at his royal court, apparently for refusing to have sex with him following their recent conversion to Christianity. [The White missionaries publicized this event. It became the White man’s burden to save the Gandans from Mwanga’s “shameful passions.” This example is important because it most clearly shows the connection between colonialism/power, religion and sexuality.]
(via African Intimacies: Race, Homosexuality, And Globalization, I could only find chapter 3 online .PDF)
Many scholars argue that homophobia and anti-gay laws (brought by colonialism/Christianity) are what’s truly new to the continent. Ways of self-identifying and gay culture are also considered new to the continent, however, homosexuality itself is most certainly not new to Africa and anyone who considers it “unAfrican” is uninformed (or a fool).
And another good book is Heterosexual Africa?: The History of an Idea from the Age of Exploration to the Age of AIDS